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February 14, 2024.
Software Development and Artificial Intelligence for Neurotechnology
Revolutionizing Neurotechnology with Software Development and AI: Naxon Labs' Vision for 2024   Innovating at the Intersection of Neurotechnology and Artificial Intelligence Naxon Labs stands at the forefront of a thrilling evolution as we enter 2024, marking a pivotal moment in our commitment to innovation within the realm of neurotechnology. After years of pioneering work with our flagship products, Naxon Explorer and Naxon Emotions, we are shifting our focus towards harnessing the power of software development and artificial intelligence to push the boundaries of neuroscience research and applications.   The Journey So Far Our journey began with a vision to make neuroscience accessible and actionable through technology. Naxon Explorer and Naxon Emotions were the first steps towards realizing this vision, offering tools for detailed brainwave analysis and real-time emotion recognition. These technologies provided invaluable insights into the complexities of human cognition and emotion, serving as a catalyst for our next leap forward.   A New Era of Neurotechnology The fusion of neurotechnology with software development and artificial intelligence (AI) opens up unprecedented opportunities for advancing our understanding of the brain. Naxon Labs is excited to lead this charge by offering a suite of services designed to empower researchers, clinicians, and innovators in the neuroscience field:   Custom Software Development: We’re dedicated to creating bespoke software solutions tailored to the unique needs of neuroscience research. From sophisticated algorithms for data analysis to intuitive platforms for experimental management, our goal is to enhance the efficiency and impact of neuroscience research. Machine Learning for Neuroscience: By applying machine learning techniques to neuroscience data, we aim to unlock new insights and predictive models that can transform our approach to understanding neural mechanisms and disorders. Data Science Consultation: Our team of experts offers consultation services to guide the collection, preprocessing, and analysis of neuroscience data, ensuring the highest standards of data integrity and scientific validity. Neuroinformatics Solutions: We’re developing comprehensive platforms for data management and analysis, designed to facilitate collaboration, data sharing, and the discovery of novel insights within the neuroscience community. Researcher Training and Support: Recognizing the importance of knowledge transfer, we provide training programs and continuous support for researchers navigating the complexities of new technologies and methodologies in neurotechnology.   Charting the Future Together   The potential of integrating software development and AI with neurotechnology is vast and largely untapped. Naxon Labs is committed to exploring this potential, driven by our passion for innovation and the promise of delivering transformative solutions to the neuroscience community.   We invite researchers, clinicians, and technology enthusiasts to join us in this exciting journey. Together, we can unlock new dimensions of understanding the brain, paving the way for new breakthroughs in neuroscience.
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February 12, 2024.
Reflecting on 2023's Milestones and Looking Forward
As we navigate through the early days of 2024, it's an opportune time to look back at the significant strides Naxon Labs made in 2023. The year at Naxon Labs was defined by innovative breakthroughs, strategic collaborations, and an expanded global presence that underscored our commitment to advancing neurotechnology. Here’s a recap of our pivotal moments from 2023 and a glimpse into what's on the horizon.   Strategic Partnerships and Innovative Projects Academic Collaborations and Research Initiatives Our partnerships with academic institutions, including Universitat de les Illes Balears, have been instrumental in propelling research and development at the intersection of neuroscience and technology. These collaborations have paved the way for new explorations and discoveries, reinforcing our mission to merge scientific inquiry with technological advancement.   UVJIA: Fostering Interdisciplinary Research The establishment of the Video Games and Artificial Intelligence Innovation Unit (UVJIA) marked a significant step in our journey towards creating a hub for interdisciplinary research. This initiative has not only enriched the academic landscape but also underscored our dedication to exploring the confluence of gaming, AI, and neurotechnology.   Engagements with IIT Mandi iHub and HCI Foundation Our collaboration with IIT Mandi iHub and HCI Foundation highlighted our commitment to innovation in neurotechnology and human-computer interaction. This partnership is poised to unlock new synergies and drive advancements that redefine our interactions with technology.   The Reciprocal Brains Project and Dementia Research Projects like Walid Breidi's Reciprocal Brains and our collaborative research with the University of Aveiro have showcased our efforts in using neurotechnology for artistic expression and social impact, particularly in addressing challenges related to dementia through innovative approaches to reminiscence therapy.   Neurotechnology devices Naxon Labs continued promoting Naxon Explorer and Naxon Emotions which run on top of Muse devices. There are advanced tools that can be used to integrate many technologies, including virtual reality. Also, we have introducing how to explore brain waves with Neuphony products and its software applications.   Expanding Our Global Footprint   Engagements in New Zealand Our activities in New Zealand have played a crucial role in fostering global dialogue on neuroscientific advancements. By getting to know local neurotechnology developments, we've shared insights and absorbed diverse perspectives, enriching our understanding and contributions to the field.   NeuroFrance 2023 in Lyon, France Getting to know the NeuroFrance 2023 conference in Lyon allowed us to connect with global discussions on neuroscience. This engagement not only reinforced our position but also connected us with the international neurotechnology community, capturing knowledge and insights.   Visit to CogLab in Paris Our visit to CogLab in Paris in May 2023 stands out as a highlight of the year. Hosted by Hans and engaging with the vibrant community at CogLab and NeuroTechX Paris, we explored potential collaborations and shared visions for the future of neurotechnology. This visit underscored the importance of community and collaboration in driving forward the field of neurotechnology.   Looking Ahead to 2024   As we move into 2024, Naxon Labs is poised for a year of continued innovation, collaboration, and exploration. Our experiences in 2023 have set a solid foundation for further growth and development. We are committed to enhancing our tools, forging new partnerships, and exploring new avenues that bridge neuroscience with practical applications in everyday life. The advancements of the past year serve as a springboard for the exciting possibilities that lie ahead. With a focus on expanding our global collaborations and continuing to innovate at the intersection of art, science, and technology, we are on a path to redefine the boundaries of what's possible in neurotechnology. Join us as we continue to push the frontiers of discovery and innovation in 2024 and beyond. At Naxon Labs, the future is bright, and we are just getting started.
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February 12, 2024.
Naxon Labs at CogLab: Fostering Innovation in Neurotechnology
In May 2023, Naxon Labs had the privilege of visiting CogLab in Paris, a beacon of innovation and collaboration in the cognitive sciences and neurotechnology community. Hosted by Hans Rajoharison, a key figure at CogLab and coordinator for NeuroTechX Europe, our visit underscored the shared vision and potential for future collaborations between Naxon Labs and CogLab.   Exploring the Intersection of Cognitive Sciences and Neurotechnology CogLab, under the stewardship of founders including Romain Rouyer and Hans Rajoharison, is a vibrant community dedicated to exploring the realms of cognitive sciences through a unique blend of DIY philosophy, citizen science, and digital arts. Their mission aligns closely with Naxon Labs' objectives: to advance the understanding and application of neurotechnologies in a manner that is open, accessible, and community-driven.   The CogLab and NeuroTechX Paris Initiative CogLab, in partnership with NeuroTechX Paris, has established itself as a crucial hub for enthusiasts, hackers, and experts passionate about neurotechnologies. They regularly host HackNight events, fostering an environment where knowledge sharing and collective project development flourish. This open and low-tech approach not only democratizes access to neurotechnology but also stimulates innovation and creativity within the field. The Meetup information can be found in this link. The team and activites run in the Makerlab Paris, 8 Bis Rue Charles V, Paris.   A Synergy of Goals and Projects   During our visit, we were inspired by the range of activities and projects spearheaded by CogLab. From their commitment to open-source principles and their active involvement in DIY cognitive science projects to the organization of hackathons and educational masterclasses, CogLab is at the forefront of making neurotechnology accessible and engaging. Their active projects, like Autispace, showcase a communal effort to leverage technology for social good, resonating with Naxon Labs' mission to create tools that benefit society at large.   Naxon Labs and CogLab: A Path Forward Our visit to CogLab was not only a meeting of minds but also a confluence of shared ambitions. The enthusiasm and expertise displayed by Hans, and the entire CogLab developments have laid the groundwork for potential collaborations that could bridge the gap between neurotechnology research and practical, community-focused applications. As Naxon Labs continues to develop advanced tools for EEG data analysis and emotion recognition, the insights and projects at CogLab offer a valuable perspective on the real-world applications of these technologies. The possibility of integrating Naxon Labs' tools with CogLab's initiatives presents an exciting avenue for both organizations to enhance the impact of neurotechnology on society.   Looking Ahead: Collaborative Innovations   As we move forward, grounded in our visit and the warm reception by Hans, holds the promise of fostering groundbreaking innovations in neurotechnology. In the spirit of our fruitful engagement with CogLab and NeuroTechX Paris, Naxon Labs looks forward to a future where our collaborative efforts contribute to the flourishing landscape of neurotechnology. Our visit to Paris was just the beginning, and we are excited about what our combined efforts will achieve for the cognitive sciences and neurotechnology community.
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February 09, 2024.
Merging Virtual Reality with Neurotechnology: Pioneering Neuroscience Applications
In the evolving landscape of neurotechnology, virtual reality (VR) is emerging as a transformative tool, blending seamlessly with advanced neurotechnological tools to push the boundaries of neuroscience applications. From the academic halls of Spain's Universitat de les Illes Balears to the innovative research teams in Portugal's Universidade de Aveiro, and reaching the cutting-edge developments from AppliedVR and Kernel in Los Angeles, VR is setting new frontiers in understanding and treating complex neurological conditions.   Universitat de les Illes Balears: Leading the Charge in VR and Neurotechnology At the Universitat de les Illes Balears, the work led by Dr. Francisco J. Perales López, alongside his colleagues Dr. Pere Antoni Borras Rotger and Dr. Francisca Negre Bennasar, epitomizes the integration of VR with neurotechnology. This team has been instrumental in exploring the therapeutic applications of VR, particularly focusing on its potential to significantly improve conditions such as CP, autism, ADHD, and more. Using Naxon Labs' innovative tools, they've embarked on projects that apply technology to therapeutic subjects, demonstrating how VR and neurofeedback can be harnessed to create impactful therapeutic interventions. One notable project involves the creation of immersive VR environments that facilitate emotional state modulation through visual and auditory stimuli. By employing Naxon Labs' platforms, such as the Naxon Explorer and the Emotions platform, the research team can precisely monitor and analyze brainwave data in real-time. This collaboration not only showcases the practical applications of combining VR with neurotechnology but also highlights Naxon Labs' role in advancing neuroscience research. Iker López's development of a software application, which ingeniously integrates binaural waves and neurofeedback techniques, marks a pivotal advancement in mental health care support. By leveraging auditory stimuli configured to various brainwave frequencies and applying neurofeedback as a brain activity training technique, this project illuminates the pathway to modifying user mental activity effectively. The immersive nature of VR, coupled with the elimination of external distractions, offers a controlled and deeply engaging experience, promoting relaxation and heightened attention. This project's success is further evidenced by its objective evaluation of mental states, enabled by the integration of non-invasive EEG devices like the Muse Band 2. This approach allows for real-time monitoring of brain activity changes throughout the VR sessions, providing tangible insights into the application's impact on users' emotional states. The collaboration between UIB and Naxon Labs, through this initiative, exemplifies the seamless fusion of academic research and practical application, driving forward the exploration of VR's capabilities in neurotechnology. In addition to their groundbreaking work in VR and neurotechnology, Dr. Francisco J. Perales López has taken a significant step forward with the establishment of UJVIA (Unit for Video Games and Artificial Intelligence Innovation) at the Universitat de les Illes Balears. This initiative aims to foster innovation in the fields of video games and artificial intelligence, with a strong emphasis on their applications in various social and therapeutic contexts. Naxon Labs is proud to be an active member of UJVIA, collaborating closely with Dr. Perales and his team. This partnership underscores our commitment to exploring new frontiers in neurotechnology and expanding the impact of our work beyond traditional research settings, leveraging the power of video games and AI to create meaningful, real-world applications.   AppliedVR: A Glimpse into VR's Potential in Chronic Pain Management In Los Angeles, AppliedVR's pioneering collaboration with Kernel Flow has cast a spotlight on virtual reality's transformative role in chronic pain management. Their clinical study, centered on individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP), marks a significant advancement in medical research, illustrating that VR can elicit substantial changes in brain activity linked to pain relief. The partnership between AppliedVR and Kernel Flow merges VR's immersive therapeutic potential with state-of-the-art brain imaging, setting new directions for pain treatment. The findings from this collaboration have been groundbreaking, showing not only a decrease in pain but also notable physiological changes such as reduced breathing rates among participants engaged in active VR treatment. This shift in brain activation coherence underlines VR's capability to do more than distract from pain—it fundamentally alters the brain's perception of it. Such insights are crucial for developing non-pharmacological approaches to pain management, highlighting VR's capacity to make meaningful interventions in chronic pain conditions. The success of AppliedVR's study with Kernel Flow underscores the value of interdisciplinary efforts in pushing healthcare technology forward. By blending AppliedVR's VR therapy expertise with Kernel Flow's advanced neuroimaging, the project exemplifies the potential of integrating diverse technological and scientific domains. This collaborative approach not only opens up new avenues for treating chronic pain but also demonstrates how innovative technologies can tackle some of the most pressing challenges in healthcare. As AppliedVR continues to navigate the frontiers of VR in medical applications, their ongoing research and development are poised to inspire additional studies, potentially bringing hope to millions affected by chronic pain worldwide. The implications of their work extend far beyond pain management, suggesting a future where VR and related technologies play a central role in various aspects of medicine and therapy.   Universidade de Aveiro: Enhancing Lives with VR and Neuroscience In Portugal, the Universidade de Aveiro's groundbreaking research, led by Francisco Reis, Pedro Reisinho, and Rui Raposo, further exemplifies the synergy between VR and neurotechnology. Focused on addressing the challenges posed by dementia, their work leverages immersive VR experiences to stimulate oral communication competencies and assess potential improvements in psychological well-being among dementia patients. By integrating the Muse 2 headband with Naxon Labs' Emotions platform, they've crafted a multidisciplinary approach that combines interactive narratives, VR, and neurofeedback to guide interventions in real-time. Universidade de Aveiro, under the guidance of researchers Francisco Reis, Pedro Reisinho, and Rui Raposo, is harnessing the power of VR to pioneer reminiscence therapy techniques for individuals with dementia. Reminiscence therapy, a therapeutic approach that involves recalling and discussing past experiences, is significantly enhanced through VR technology, offering immersive experiences that can evoke powerful memories and emotions. This method allows participants to virtually revisit familiar settings or relive past experiences, thereby facilitating a connection with memories that might otherwise be difficult to access due to the progression of dementia. The collaboration with Naxon Labs enables the research team to employ immersive experiences effectively, stimulating memory recall and offering new hope for dementia therapy. By integrating VR into reminiscence therapy, the team at Aveiro is not only able to stimulate oral communication competencies but also to assess and potentially improve the psychological well-being of dementia patients. The application of Naxon Labs' tools, particularly in capturing and analyzing emotional responses during these VR sessions, further enriches the therapy by providing valuable insights into the emotional states of participants, enabling a tailored therapeutic approach. This innovative research not only sheds light on the impact of reminiscence therapy but also pioneers the use of neurofeedback to enhance the lives of individuals grappling with dementia. This groundbreaking work by the Universidad de Aveiro represents a significant advancement in dementia care, illustrating the profound impact of combining traditional therapeutic techniques with modern VR technology.   The merging of VR with neurotechnology tools across various neuroscience applications is paving the way for groundbreaking developments in the field. Whether it's the therapeutic interventions explored by the Universitat de les Illes Balears, the chronic pain management studies by AppliedVR, or the dementia research conducted at the Universidad de Aveiro, each initiative highlights the immense potential of VR in advancing our understanding and treatment of neurological conditions. With the support of tools from Naxon Labs, researchers and clinicians are equipped to explore new horizons in neuroscience, offering hope and innovative solutions to those in need.
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February 09, 2024.
From Brainwaves to Excel: Unveiling Neurological Secrets with Naxon Explorer and Muse
In today’s era of neuroscientific exploration, the journey from collecting brainwave data to analyzing it in Excel has been revolutionized by tools like Naxon Explorer in conjunction with Muse wearable devices. This potent combination not only democratizes the process of EEG data collection but also opens up sophisticated avenues for data visualization and in-depth analysis through familiar and powerful platforms like Microsoft Excel.   Naxon Explorer: Your Portal to Comprehensive Brain Data Analysis Naxon Explorer stands at the forefront of neurotechnology tools, facilitating the exploration of EEG data for researchers and enthusiasts across diverse fields such as Neuroscience, Psychology, Medicine, Engineering, and Information Technology. This web-based platform simplifies the complex process of EEG data collection and analysis, making it accessible to both seasoned researchers and novices in the field.   Visualizing Brain Activity in Real-Time With Naxon Explorer, users can monitor brainwave data in real time, presented through intuitive graphs that display voltage over time, segmented by EEG channels. The platform's user-friendly interface allows for on-the-fly adjustments to parameters such as notch, high-pass, and low-pass filters, enhancing the clarity and relevance of the data being collected. Furthermore, Naxon Explorer's sensitivity and time window adjustments, coupled with its blink and clench detection features, offer an unparalleled level of control and precision in EEG data visualization.   The Power of CSV: Deep Diving into Data with Excel A standout feature of Naxon Explorer is its ability to export EEG sessions into CSV files, which can then be imported into Excel for further analysis. This functionality bridges the gap between raw data collection and detailed data exploration, providing users with the tools to perform advanced analyses and gain deeper insights into neurological patterns.   Deciphering the CSV File Structure The CSV files generated by Naxon Explorer are structured to offer a comprehensive overview of EEG data in a format that is both accessible and detailed. Here’s a closer look at the typical columns and their meanings: Timestamp: Marks the exact time at which each data point was recorded, providing a chronological framework for the session. Channel Data: Each column corresponds to a specific EEG channel (e.g., FP1, FP2, T7, T8), containing the voltage readings from that electrode. This setup allows for the analysis of activity across different brain regions. Frequency Bands: Some CSV formats include columns for different frequency bands (delta, theta, alpha, beta, gamma), offering insights into the predominant types of brain activity during the session. Event Markers: Columns dedicated to event markers denote specific instances or stimuli during the recording, enabling users to correlate external events with neurological responses. This structured approach to data presentation not only facilitates a granular analysis of brainwave patterns but also allows for the application of statistical analyses, pattern recognition, and even machine learning models within Excel. Researchers can leverage Excel’s extensive toolkit to perform tasks ranging from simple graphical representations to complex computational analyses.   Harnessing Excel for Neuroscientific Breakthroughs Integrating Naxon Explorer’s capabilities with the analytical power of Excel propels neuroscientific research into new realms of possibility. By exporting EEG data into Excel, researchers can utilize a familiar platform to uncover novel insights, establish correlations, and even predict neurological outcomes based on empirical data.   Starting Your Neuroscientific Exploration Embark on a journey of discovery with Naxon Explorer and Muse, and unlock the full potential of your neuroscientific research. With the ease of collecting, visualizing, and analyzing brainwave data in Excel, the mysteries of the mind are more accessible than ever.   Dive deep into the neurological data with Naxon Explorer and transform your findings into actionable insights with Excel. Begin your exploration today and contribute to the ever-expanding field of neuroscience.
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November 10, 2023.
Taking an Immersive Emotional Stroll Down Memory Lane
In a groundbreaking endeavor led by researchers Francisco Reis, Pedro Reisinho, and Rui Raposo from the University of Aveiro, an innovative approach is being employed to address the challenges posed by dementia. Their ongoing research explores the intersection of interactive narratives, virtual reality, and neuroscience, aiming to enhance the lives of individuals grappling with dementia. Leveraging cutting-edge technology, including the Muse 2 headband and Naxon Labs' Emotions platform, the team seeks to employ immersive experiences to stimulate oral communication competencies and assess the potential for improving psychological well-being among participants. This multidisciplinary initiative not only sheds light on the impact of reminiscence therapy but also pioneers the use of neurofeedback to guide interventions in real-time. The collaborative efforts of this research team underscore the transformative potential of merging technology and compassionate care in the realm of dementia studies.   By Franscisco Reis, Pedro Reisinho and Rui Raposo   The global population is witnessing a significant increase in the prevalence of individuals aged 65 and above, primarily attributable to the rising average life expectancy in recent decades. This demographic transition has brought to the forefront a growing incidence of age-related illnesses, with dementia being of particular concern (Fishman, 2017). Currently, approximately 57 million people are estimated to have their daily lives impacted by dementia, and projections indicate that this number will triple by 2050 (Nichols et al., 2022), considering that nearly ten million new cases are diagnosed each year, with Alzheimer’s disease representing 60-70% of these diagnoses (World Health Organization, 2017). As the number of dementia cases continues to increase, there are worrisome repercussions stemming from the recent pandemic. The constraints imposed by the COVID-19 containment measures were imperative for reducing the number of viral cases and controlling the pandemic, in addition to the undeniable importance of lowering the mortality rate among risk groups. Nevertheless, in these risk groups, particularly in elderly people with dementia, short-term side effects from social isolation, such as increased levels of agitation and apathy, have been observed (Emmerton & Abdelhafiz, 2021; Manca et al., 2020). In addition, internet reliance has become a transversal aspect of various processes in our daily lives. Varying according to the extent of affectation, the inability to use web-based digital platforms to perform something as crucial as communicating with others has pushed people living with dementia into a more fragile situation than the one they face daily (Manca et al., 2020), exacerbating their sense of loneliness (Emmerton & Abdelhafiz, 2021) due abrupt and harsh changes in their social activities with family and friends. Thus, in this scenario, not only does it become impossible to estimate, in the medium and long term, the neurological impact that COVID-19 will have on people currently living with the condition (Ghaffari et al., 2021), but also how it will influence the number of new cases diagnosed. Faced with the inexistence of a pharmacological solution for reversing the gradual evolution of the symptoms associated with the condition, research has also looked upon non-pharmacological methods (Algar et al., 2016), as possible method for mitigating and delaying the progressive loss of quality of life of those affected.   This is the context in which doctoral student and researcher Pedro Reisinho, under the supervision of Professor Rui Raposo and Professor Nelson Zagalo from the Department of Communication and Art, and Professor Oscar Ribeiro from the Department of Education and Psychology, all from the University of Aveiro, has been developing his thesis. Pedro’s PhD research in Information and Communication in Digital Platforms, funded by the National Foundation for Science and Technology, focuses precisely on the potential of merging interactive narratives and virtual reality as reminiscence instrumentsfor people with dementia. By engaging users with memory-related content during reminiscence therapy sessions, the project aims not only to stimulate oral communication competencies but also to assess the potential for improving their psychological well-being, as well as attenuating and delaying behavioural and psychological symptoms associated with dementia. The virtual reminiscence model proposed consists of a structured program comprising a minimum of ten sessions that resort to reminiscence tools and techniques which integrate and explore immersive personal experiences. Eight sessions are dedicated to enabling each participant to explore virtual story worlds tailored to their life story and collect "memories" by taking photographs with a virtual camera. Participants are encouraged to share stories about what is happening or whatever they feel like sharing. During the last two sessions, the participants are asked to share with the research team the stories associated with the memories collected in photographs throughout the previous sessions. After completing the program, participants will have the possibility to keep the collected memories, meanwhile printed out, and share them with family and friends. To aid the data collection, the research conducted will also collect data from a portable electroencephalography device, the Muse 2, with the aid of Naxon Labs' Emotions platform. The emotional monitoring of the participants’ emotional states will enable the research team to access real-time information regarding the participants’ experience and their responses to various stimuli presented throughout the sessions. This will allow the team to intervene and try to mitigate potential adverse effects resulting from the re-experience of memories associated with negative emotions.   Some exploratory studies have already been conducted in this context through the work done by Francisco Reis, a student from the Master Program in Multimedia Communication at the University of Aveiro. Francisco’s work focused on studying the effect that immersive experiences with 360º audiovisual content had on users and their oral communication activities during the experience. Participants in the study were provided with two short 360º clips without previously knowing what they were going to see. The first video had little or no relation with the participants’ personal memories, while the second video included footage of a place well known by the participants and chosen with the help of the participants’ family or friends. When presented with the first video, the participants only talked when they were asked questions about what they were seeing. On the other hand, when presented with footage of a well-known place from their past, the second video, the participants would spontaneously start to talk and share stories about memories connected with it.   Exploratory sessions at University of Aveiro. The participant is using the Muse 2 headband and a Virtual Reality set. The Muse 2 headband is connected to Naxon Emotions platform which displays the data in the laptop.   Naxon Emotions applications as displayed during the sessions.   The virtual reality environment showed to the participants during the sessions.   While all of this was happening, the Muse 2 headband and the Emotions software were providing a glimpse as to what the participant was feeling at the time. It was very interesting to see that while reminiscing about the place and the stories that took place there, the participants would experience peaks of joy that, sometimes, would shift into a state of momentary sadness. The results attained were considered a great proof of concept as to the possibilities presented by this sort of experience as a therapeutic tool worth further exploring in the context of people with dementia. It is relevant to outline that the participants in Francisco Reis’ study did not have dementia. The study did, however, provide evidence that this sort of immersive experience could and should be considered as a possible complementary activity for people with dementia as a means of stimulating their oral communication competencies and, consequently, possibly contributing to the delay of the deterioration of those same competencies.   In the next phase of our research, our plan involves conducting the initial validation of the virtual reminiscence model, specifically focusing on the data collection protocol and the prototype. A comprehensive set of questionnaires and scales has been thoughtfully selected to measure the proposed indicators, including oral communication, psychological well-being, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. These assessments are being conducted by Juliana Silva, a master's student in neuropsychiatry, under the supervision of Professor Oscar Ribeiro. To enhance the depth of this data collection, we will cross-reference the indicators with audiovisual information and data stemming from Muse 2, in conjunction with the Emotions Platform. The participants for our study are being selected with the assistance of the Laboratório de Envelhecimento de Ílhavo. This collaborative effort has been instrumental in facilitating participant engagement and providing the necessary facilities for conducting tests. Thanks to our close collaboration with the Laboratório de Envelhecimento, we were able to conduct tests to assess the technology adoption and potential side effects of virtual reality, having obtained promising results that will be made publicly available shortly.   This ongoing research is being conducted at the University of Aveiro in Portugal, a European Higher Education Institution recognized for its prestige in research and teaching, both at a national and international level in multiple scientific fields. Most of the research team are currently members of DigiMedia, the Digital Media and Interaction Research Centre located at the Department of Communication and Art (DeCA). DigiMedia is an interdisciplinary unit oriented towards innovation in the research of new interaction solutions for human-centred digital media applications, with a highly transdisciplinary approach to Digital Media that combines research done in the fields of e-Health and Wellbeing, Social iTV, Social Media and Learning, Games and Storytelling, and Cyberculture, the ongoing research is constantly challenging current practices and promotes future thinking approaches in its projects. For more information on the activities of DigiMedia please visit the website at https://digimedia.web.ua.pt/.   References Algar, K., Woods, R. T., & Windle, G. (2016). Measuring the quality of life and well-being of people with dementia: A review of observational measures. Dementia, 15(4), 832–857. https://doi.org/10.1177/1471301214540163 Emmerton, D., & Abdelhafiz, A. H. (2021). Care for Older People with Dementia During COVID19 Pandemic. SN Comprehensive Clinical Medicine, 3(2), 437–443. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42399-020-00715-0 Fishman, E. (2017). Risk of Developing Dementia at Older Ages in the United States. Demography, 54(5), 1897–1919. https://doi.org/10.1007/S13524-017-0598-7 Ghaffari, M., Ansari, H., Beladimoghadam, N., Aghamiri, S. H., Haghighi, M., Nabavi, M., Mansouri, B., Mehrpour, M., Assarzadegan, F., Hesami, O., Sedaghat, M., Farahbakhsh, M., & Lima, B. S. (2021). Neurological features and outcome in COVID-19: dementia can predict severe disease. Journal of NeuroVirology, 27, 86–93. https://doi.org/0.1007/s13365-020-00918-0 Manca, R., De Marco, M., & Venneri, A. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 Infection and Enforced Prolonged Social Isolation on Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Older Adults With and Without Dementia: A Review. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 585540. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.585540 Nichols, E., Steinmetz, J. D., Vollset, S. E., Fukutaki, K., Chalek, J., Abd-Allah, F., Abdoli, A., Abualhasan, A., Abu-Gharbieh, E., Akram, T. T., Hamad, H. Al, Alahdab, F., Alanezi, F. M., Alipour, V., Almustanyir, S., Amu, H., Ansari, I., Arabloo, J., Ashraf, T., … Vos, T. (2022). Estimation of the Global Prevalence of Dementia in 2019 and Forecasted Prevalence in 2050: An Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet Public Health, 7, e105–e125. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(21)00249-8 World Health Organization. (2017). Global Action Plan on the Public Health Response to Dementia 2017–2025. Geneva: World Health Organization.
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August 20, 2023.
The Reciprocal Brains Project by Walid Breidi: Exploring the Boundaries of Art and Neuroscience
The Reciprocal Brains Project by Walid Breidi: Exploring the Boundaries of Art and Neuroscience   In the space where art and neuroscience converge, innovation knows no bounds. Walid Breidi, a visionary multidisciplinary artist, has embarked on a remarkable journey of blending new technologies with artistic expression. Through his groundbreaking project, Reciprocal Brains, Breidi pushes the boundaries of creativity and human connection by using brainwave data in real-time to create an interactive and participatory musical experience. Powered by the cutting-edge products of Naxon Labs, this project takes art to an unprecedented level, intertwining art, science, and technology in mesmerizing ways.   The Visionary Behind the Project Walid Breidi stands at the forefront of a new wave of artists who are harnessing the power of technology to redefine artistic expression. With a background in composing and interactive installations, Breidi's artistic evolution led him to explore Brain Art, a realm where brainwaves and artistry merge. Over the past decade, he has delved into the world of brainwaves, crafting awe-inspiring artworks that utilize neural data as a core creative element.   Reciprocal Brains: A Symphony of Neurofeedback and Creativity At the heart of Walid Breidi's innovative work lies the Reciprocal Brains project. This groundbreaking initiative aims to create a symphony directly influenced by participants' brainwaves. Imagine a collaborative musical experience where brain activity dictates the notes, rhythms, and emotions of the music produced. With the help of Naxon Labs' advanced EEG technology, this vision is brought to life.   Naxon Labs has been one of the driving forces behind the Reciprocal Brains project. The data captured from Muse EEG devices with Naxon Explorer and Naxon Emotions, developed with a deep understanding of neuroscience and technology, provide the foundation for Breidi's artistic exploration. By capturing participants' brainwaves in real-time, these devices translate neural oscillations into tangible creative output, bridging the gap between the mind and artistic expression.   About Walid Breidi Walid Breidi A multidisciplinary artist who uses new technologies as a creative tool. This enables Walid to create lively, participatory works that are co-constructed with the public. More specifically, the works he creates are based on the real-time use of the public's cerebral or physical input to create, control or modify the work. Through his work Walid seeks to establish a dialogue with the audience, moving them beyond the passive position they are usually in, and offering them the opportunity to make the work their own through active participation.   Walid started out as a composer for shows by the "Faim-de-Siècle" collective. Computer Assisted Music led him to create interactive sound installations and later interactive video installations. He has been working in the field of Brain Art for around 10 years. In 2017, with sleep artist Virgile Novarina, they presented "La Bull Paradoxale" which is the first work using live sleep brainwaves. Then in 2018, Walid created 'Sleep in the City', which is also a first in the use of brainwaves with the Internet. In fact, he already has three Brain art projects to this date. The Reciprocal Brains project is a continuation of his practice and his approach and it is the most ambitious one. Examples of past work: Installations Videos Generative designs Sound creations This is Walid's Youtube Channel.   Motivation: What goes on in the mind is the most intimate manifestation that we often want to share publicly either through language or through action. What would it be like if a group of 20 or more people shared an aesthetic moment between them, created by them, without saying or doing anything, just listening to their thoughts and emotions? How will the participants react when they put on an EEG headset and start creating in real-time with their brainwaves? How will they emotionally experience this shared moment with others? A shared moment that produces a relational artistic situation and a biofeedback loop. What the participant thinks will create music, and in turn this music will affect what the person feels.   Reciprocal Brains questions the neuro-physical concept of consciousness. How far can we go in relating states of mind to a particular brain wave category, for example Delta, or Alpha wave? How can neuroscientific results help in analyzing and mapping brain waves data to create hyper-instrument? We will try to correlate certain formations of brain waves to certain emotions. The research will explore in particular the space of sharing and creation thus produced between the participants induced by the use of Brain-musical-instrument interfaces.   Approach: Walid experiments with the idea of a brain-orchestra using hyper-instruments. This project adheres to the Brain-Art tradition in so far as it aims to use Brain-computer Interfaces (BCI) in the realization of the artwork. Tools like “biofeedback”, EEG data performance, data analysis, transcoding, and mental performance will be studied as well as techniques such as: brain event related desynchronization (ERD) or event related synchronization (ERS), event related potentials (ERP), and other paradigms. Reciprocal Brains also necessitate the creation of a hyper-instrument in its intention to exploit brainwave data to play sounds and synthesizers. The sum of instrumental idiomaticity and the user’s sense of reciprocity with what the other participants are doing, together will contribute to the conception of a BCMI (brain-computer-musical interface) that can understand the person and that can measure the expression between the participants and measure all the rhythms played in order to synchronize them.   Introducing Chateau Éphémère: Where Innovation Meets Artistic Exploration Nestled within the walls of Chateau Éphémère, a cultural haven committed to digital creation, artistic innovation thrives at the intersection of technology and imagination. This unique space, situated within the historic confines of the reimagined Château Vanderbilt, serves as a vibrant incubator for experimental art, digital creations, and the convergence of sound and technology. Propelled by the mission to foster collaborative artistic ventures, Chateau Éphémère offers an array of workshops, public events, and residencies that bridge the gap between artistic expression and technological advancement.   Walid Breidi's Vision at Chateau Éphémère Amidst this dynamic cultural landscape, artist Walid Breidi embarked on a visionary journey that merged art with neuroscience. His objective was to harness the potential of the Chateau's immersive environment to cultivate a new form of artistic expression. Walid aimed to delve into uncharted territories where artistic creation and the intricate workings of the human brain intersect, a venture that promised to push the boundaries of innovation.   Explorations Walid's project, named "Reciprocal Brains", unfolded as an ambitious endeavor, striving to explore the uncharted realms of brain-machine interfaces and hyper-instruments. Collaborating closely with researchers, Walid intended to delve into cutting-edge techniques that would enable the manipulation of artistic creation using real-time cerebral input. What set this project apart was its intent to tap into the very dynamics of consciousness, elevating mental states into a canvas for aesthetic exploration.   Intriguingly, "Reciprocal Brains" was designed not only to offer a distinctive musical experience but also to serve as an intricate musical interface. Departing from the conventional norm, which typically involves a limited number of brain participants, Walid envisioned a scenario where a collaborative cohort of 20 participants would engage in real-time creative dialogue. This audacious aim sought to redefine the boundaries of multi-agent brain art installations, challenging the status quo through the power of collective creative expression.   As the project unfurled within the nurturing embrace of Chateau Éphémère (June 26th to 30th 2023), the collaboration between Walid Breidi, the artistic visionary, and the realm of neuroscience began to take shape. With a determination to expand artistic horizons and a commitment to fostering collaborative research, the stage was set for a groundbreaking exploration that could reshape the landscape of art and innovation. This journey of merging artistic creativity with the intricacies of the human mind was poised to unravel new dimensions of creative possibility and redefine the boundaries of artistic expression. This is a sound sample simulating 12 participants: https://shorturl.at/abGJU . The idea is to have different sound configurations. The following screens are a capture of the patch that created the sound extract.   The Intersection of Science, Art, and Technology The fusion of art and neuroscience in the Reciprocal Brains project exemplifies the interdisciplinary nature of modern innovation. With the help of Naxon Labs' EEG technology, Walid captures the intricate dance of brainwaves, translating them into musical elements that compose an ever-evolving symphony. Participants become both creators and performers, as their emotions, thoughts, and neural patterns shape the auditory landscape. This artistic endeavor blurs the lines between audience and artist, forging a unique connection between the creator's mind and the listener's experience.   The Reciprocal Brains project by Walid Breidi, fueled by the pioneering EEG technology of Naxon Labs, underscores the boundless possibilities when art, science, and technology intertwine. This immersive experience challenges traditional notions of artistic creation and audience participation, ushering in a new era of collaborative, neurofeedback-powered art. As the project continues to evolve and captivate audiences, it serves as a testament to the uncharted territories awaiting exploration at the nexus of art and neuroscience.   In the ever-evolving landscape of creativity, Walid Breidi and Naxon Labs illuminate a path towards a harmonious convergence of science and art, inviting us to witness the symphony of the mind.   https://www.walidbreidi.com/
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June 25, 2023.
Neuphony Revealed: A Comprehensive Guide to Properly Use and Care for Neuphony Devices
Neuphony, a portable EEG device, offers a wide range of applications, from medical research to self-improvement and product development. To ensure accurate data recording and reliable results, it is crucial for users to understand how to properly adjust the electrodes and care for the Neuphony devices. In this article, we will provide specific instructions on improving sensor/signal quality, cleaning the devices, and share valuable resources for maximizing the potential of Neuphony.   Adjusting the Neuphony Device for Optimal Sensor/Signal Quality: To get the most out of your Neuphony device, it is important to adjust the electrodes correctly. The following resources will guide you in achieving optimal sensor/signal quality: User Guide to Use Neuphony for the First Week: This comprehensive guide provides step-by-step instructions on using Neuphony during your first week, including electrode adjustment techniques. The guide provides a comprehensive overview of how to make the most out of your initial week using the Neuphony EEG Headset tool. The guide emphasizes the various ways to engage in meditation, including built-in modules with neurofeedback, meditating in peace, and utilizing YouTube. It suggests starting with specific sessions to improve external focus and reduce stress and anxiety. The guide also emphasizes the importance of finding the right type of meditation and recommends a schedule for the first day and subsequent days. Additionally, it highlights the role of Neuphony in reducing stress levels through consistent engagement with stress-reducing neurofeedback sessions. The guide further explores optimizing lifestyle and diet for better mental health and how Neuphony can help identify the effects of specific food items on focus and relaxation scores. Lastly, it delves into maximizing the benefits of neurofeedback, including maintaining focus levels and the training effect on the brain. The guide concludes by encouraging users to establish a routine, track progress, and remain open to experimentation for an enhanced mental well-being journey with Neuphony.   How to wear the Headband properly: This helpful video tutorial demonstrates the correct way to wear the Neuphony headband, ensuring proper electrode placement and optimal signal quality.   How to connect Neuphony sensors properly: Follow the instructions in this video tutorial to learn how to correctly connect the Neuphony sensors, enhancing the accuracy of your brainwave recordings.   Caring for Your Neuphony Device: Proper care and maintenance of your Neuphony device will ensure its longevity and reliability. Consider the following tips: How to put back the sensors in their slots: After each use, it's important to store the sensors properly. Watch this informative video tutorial to learn the correct method of putting back the sensors in their designated slots.   Cleaning and Maintenance: To maintain the hygiene and performance of your Neuphony device, refer to the manufacturer's instructions provided with your specific model. It is generally recommended to use a soft, lint-free cloth to clean the device and avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive materials.   Valuable Resources for Maximizing Neuphony's Potential:   Neuphony offers a range of resources to help users harness the full potential of the device. Consider exploring the following guides and articles: How to practice at Home with Neuphony?: This insightful article provides guidance on incorporating Neuphony into your home-based neurofeedback practice, maximizing its benefits for self-improvement. Neurofeedback is a biofeedback technique that harnesses brainwave monitoring technology to assist individuals dealing with various mental and physical health conditions. By utilizing electrical signals from the brain, neurofeedback helps regulate mood, behavior, and physiological functions, offering a safe and drug-free alternative to traditional treatments. It promotes neural plasticity, the brain's ability to reorganize and adapt throughout life, by forming new neural pathways in response to experiences. Neuphony, with its real-time neurofeedback system called "Volume Modulation," provides immediate feedback to users during meditation sessions, adjusting the volume based on their focus and calm levels. This feedback enables individuals to better understand their attention span, distractions, and feelings of anxiety. Neuphony's app features user-friendly graphical representations of focus/calm levels, along with mood tracking. Neurofeedback utilizes various protocols focusing on different brainwaves, such as theta, alpha/theta ratio, and beta, which can be captured through electrodes placed on the scalp. These electrical activity patterns, known as brain waves, are measured in frequency (Hz) and amplitude (μV), reflecting the speed and strength of the waves, respectively. Neurofeedback research has shown its versatility as a brain training tool, and the "volume modulation" approach implemented by Neuphony ensures ease of use, a short learning curve, and instant results.   User Guide to Read Focus-Distraction Graphs: Gain a deeper understanding of your cognitive performance by learning how to interpret focus-distraction graphs with this user guide. The guide explains the concept of how different minds work and how Neuphony can help understand and compare the unique brain activity of individuals. Each person has a distinct brain wiring, resulting in different thinking patterns, emotions, and brain activity. Neuphony utilizes electrical impulses known as brain waves, specifically alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and theta waves, to create an electroencephalograph (EEG) or brain wave graph. By connecting the device and attaching sensors, Neuphony creates a brain map, calculating the focus for each person. The meditation session, represented by graphs, helps determine the duration of focus throughout the session and provides insights into focus versus distraction, stress versus calm, post-dominant rhythm (PDR), and mood. The guide further decodes focus and distraction graphs through case studies, showcasing different patterns of attention and concentration. It highlights the importance of regular meditation in developing focus, attention span, and resilience. The guide also compares graphs of long-term meditators and non-meditators, emphasizing how meditation can enhance focus, attention span, and resilience over time.   Bio-hack your Mind to Peak Performance with Brain Training: Discover how Neuphony can help you achieve peak performance through brain training techniques by reading this informative article. The article introduces the concept of brain-health biohacking, which aims to enhance mental abilities and protect brain health through practical, science-based solutions. It explains that brain health biohacking involves using real-time displays of brain activity to teach individuals how to control their own brain waves, achieved by tracking brain activity through an EEG headset and providing real-time feedback. Then it is outlined a 7-step process using the Neuphony EEG headset and meditation app, including wearing the headset, starting the app, reviewing results, and understanding insights through various graphs and charts such as focus/distraction, mood analysis, calm/stress levels, and PDR report. It is emphasized the ability to improve brain activity through personalized meditations and forming a better relationship with one's mental health. Neuphony offers a comprehensive approach to brain health and wellness by analyzing brain activity and providing techniques for improvement.   By following the adjustment techniques, caring for your Neuphony device, and utilizing the available resources, you can optimize your experience and unlock the full potential of Neuphony for various applications.   You can analyze brainwaves data with the Neuphony Desktop Application. With the Neuphony Desktop Application you can process brainwaves data from the Neuphony devices. It is an application for all the researchers and wellness centers where they get all the tools required to sumplify their research of to enchance the journey of the customers. Neuphony has launched recently the most awaited "Report Generation" feature in the desktop application where you will get a report after recording every session. You can download, print and share that with the client/customer and even add your notes to it as well. 
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June 24, 2023.
Analyzing Brainwaves Data with Neuphony Desktop Application
With the Neuphony Desktop Application you can process brainwaves data from the Neuphony devices. It is an application for all the researchers and wellness centers where they get all the tools required to sumplify their research of to enchance the journey of the customers. Neuphony has launched recently the most awaited "Report Generation" feature in the desktop application where you will get a report after recording every session. You can download, print and share that with the client/customer and even add your notes to it as well.    Packed with a range of powerful features, this application is designed to provide researchers and enthusiasts with valuable insights into cognitive health and neurological activity. Let's explore some of its standout features: Import/Export .edf files: With Neuphony, you can effortlessly import and export .edf files. This functionality allows you to preview the data from previous sessions, enabling seamless integration with your existing research or analysis. Via Cable/Bluetooth Connectivity: Neuphony offers flexible connectivity options. Whether you prefer a Bluetooth dongle or a type C-USB cable, you can easily connect your devices and begin exploring brainwave data. Multiple Experiments: Researchers can rejoice as Neuphony supports a variety of experiments, including P300, MMN, and AEP. These experiments provide valuable insights into cognitive health and offer a deeper understanding of brain function. Session Playback: Never miss a detail with Neuphony's session playback feature. By recording EEG data during sessions, you can revisit and review the recorded data for further analysis, ensuring accurate and comprehensive results. Band Power Analysis: Neuphony empowers you to unravel neurological insights through band power analysis. This feature allows you to examine the power spectrum of brainwaves across different frequency bands, providing a deeper understanding of brain activity. Real-Time EEG: Harnessing the power of EEG technology, Neuphony provides real-time monitoring of brainwave activity. This invaluable feature allows you to observe and analyze brainwave patterns across diverse brain regions as they happen, providing immediate feedback and insights. Cognitive Insights: Neuphony's advanced algorithms unlock a treasure trove of cognitive insights. By analyzing brainwave data, the application provides valuable information on focus, stress, mood, vigilance, and mental fatigue. This comprehensive understanding of cognitive states opens up new avenues for research and personal development. Task-Based Reports: Neuphony offers task-based reports, enabling you to leverage the power of EEG data for comprehensive analysis. These reports provide detailed information on brainwave activity during specific tasks or stimuli, offering a deeper understanding of cognitive processes.   This application works with both the Headband and the Flex Cap.   Device Fitment: How to Wear the Device Correctly Properly wearing the device is crucial to ensure accurate data collection and reliable results. Follow these steps to correctly fit the device: 1. Start by loosening the strap on the device. Gently slide the device from the front of your head towards the desired position. 2. The reference electrodes are positioned just above and behind both of your ears. As you adjust the device, keep an eye on the sensor color changes. Once you observe a change in sensor color, it indicates that the reference electrodes are correctly placed. 3. The color displayed in the circles represents the quality of contact based on the impedance. It is essential to have a strong signal in most of the required sensor locations. Adjust the headset until you achieve a strong signal in the majority of the required sensor locations. 4. Pay special attention to the Fz and Pz sensors. These sensors are crucial for Neuphony protocols to provide accurate results. Ensure that these sensors are properly connected and have a strong signal. 5. Once the Fz and Pz sensors have been connected for at least 5 seconds, a "Continue" button will appear at the bottom. This indicates that the device is properly fitted, and you can proceed with your session. By following these steps, you can ensure that the Neuphony device is worn correctly, allowing for optimal data collection and accurate analysis. Proper fitment of the device is essential to obtain reliable cognitive insights and make the most of your research or personal cognitive training sessions. Working with data.   Frequency Analysis     Unlocking Cognitive Insights: Exploring Real-Time Analysis Have you ever wondered how our brainwaves can provide insights into our cognitive states? The field of neuroscience has made remarkable strides in understanding the relationship between brain activity and mental states. One fascinating area of study is the analysis of cognitive insights based on real-time analysis. Let's delve into this intriguing concept and explore how specific brainwave patterns can shed light on various aspects of our cognition. Working with insights   Relaxation Levels: When we enter a state of relaxation, our brain exhibits distinct patterns. Increased alpha band power in the occipital region, located at the back of the head, is associated with relaxation. Additionally, a decrease in beta band power in the frontal region suggests a state of relaxation. By monitoring these patterns, real-time analysis can provide valuable insights into our relaxation levels. Focus Levels: Heightened focus is a sought-after mental state for many tasks. Real-time analysis reveals that increased beta band power in the frontal and parietal regions of the brain is indicative of heightened focus. Furthermore, a decrease in theta band activity in the prefrontal cortex suggests improved attention and focus. By measuring these patterns, cognitive insights can be derived regarding our focus levels. Vigilance: Vigilance refers to a state of heightened alertness and attentiveness. Real-time analysis indicates that increased beta band power in the central and parietal regions of the brain suggests heightened vigilance. Moreover, a decrease in alpha band power in the occipital region correlates with improved vigilance. By monitoring these patterns, cognitive insights can be gained regarding our level of vigilance. Mental Fatigue: Mental fatigue can significantly impact cognitive performance. Real-time analysis allows us to identify brainwave patterns associated with mental fatigue. Increased theta band activity in the frontal and central regions indicates fatigue, while a decrease in beta band power in the parietal and occipital regions suggests fatigue-related cognitive impairment. By analyzing these patterns, cognitive insights can be gleaned about our mental fatigue levels. Mood: Our mood plays a crucial role in our overall well-being. Real-time analysis can provide valuable information about our mood states. Increased alpha band power in the left prefrontal cortex is correlated with a positive mood. Conversely, decreased beta band power in the frontal region may indicate a negative mood state. By examining these patterns, cognitive insights can be obtained regarding our mood. Posterior Dominant Rhythm (PDR): The posterior dominant rhythm (PDR) is an alpha band rhythm prominently observed in the occipital region during relaxed wakefulness. It reflects the resting-state activity of the visual cortex. By analyzing PDR patterns, researchers and clinicians can gain insights into the baseline activity of the visual cortex, contributing to a better understanding of brain function and cognitive processes. Real-time analysis of brainwave patterns offers a fascinating window into our cognitive states. By monitoring and interpreting specific frequency bands and brain regions, cognitive insights can be derived regarding relaxation levels, focus, vigilance, mental fatigue, mood, and even the baseline activity of the visual cortex. This valuable information opens up new avenues for research, clinical applications, and personal development. As technology continues to advance, real-time analysis of brainwave data holds immense promise for a wide range of fields. From optimizing cognitive performance to understanding mental health conditions, the potential applications are vast. So, the next time you reflect on your mental state, remember that our brainwaves hold hidden treasures, waiting to be unraveled through the captivating world of cognitive insights based on real-time analysis.     Report generation feature of Neuphony Desktop Application Here is a seamless procedure to update and generate reports using the Neuphony Desktop Application: Step 1: Take your cursor to the top bar and click on the "Help" option. This can be easily located in the application's interface.   Step 2: Once the "Help" menu opens, click on the "Download & Install Updates Automatically" option. This ensures that you have the latest version of the application along with all upcoming updates. The application will now begin downloading and installing the latest version.   Step 3: After the installation process is complete, you will be prompted to quit and reopen the application. This ensures that the changes and updates take effect, and you are now ready to use the new features.   Step 4: Record a session using the Neuphony Desktop Application. Once you have finished the session, locate the '⋯' icon within the application's interface.   Step 5: Click on the "Print Report" button to initiate the report generation process. Please be patient as it may take a few seconds for the report to load. Once loaded, you will be presented with a comprehensive report of your session, which can also be downloaded and printed.   Step 6: If desired, you can further enhance the report by adding your own notes, observations, or recommendations using the "Notes" button. After making the necessary additions, click on the "Preview" button to review the changes. Once satisfied, you can proceed to print the report.   With these simple steps, you can effortlessly update the Neuphony Desktop Application, record sessions, and generate detailed reports. The application's user-friendly interface and intuitive features make it a powerful tool for analyzing and documenting brainwave data. Start unlocking valuable insights and enhancing your cognitive research journey with Neuphony.